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The Basics of Criminal Law

The U.S. legal system is comprised of two types of cases- civil and criminal law.

While civil cases involve disputes among individuals regarding legal responsibilities and duties to one another, criminal cases are charges that are pursued by prosecutors in a court of law for violation of preexisting criminal statutes.

Criminal charges can pose incredibly serious repercussions on your future, not to mention your freedom. Regardless of the charge you are facing, be sure to seek qualified advocacy of professionals like those of Mark Ziccarelli Law.

Here are just a few aspects to keep in mind concerning criminal law and its potential implications.


Each state is permitted to draft their own criminal laws as long as they do not conflict with the governance set forth in the U.S. Constitution. Remember, ignorance of the law is not an excuse from the law. Make sure that you are well informed of a state’s laws before entering.

It is important to know the difference between felonies and misdemeanors as the different categorization reflects the level of punishment involved in conviction. Misdemeanors are smaller crimes that prescribe punishments not to exceed one year in prison. Felonies are considered serious misconduct against the rule of law and mandate incarceration of at least a year. The level of felony crime also dictates the amount of incarceration that may be sentenced to the accused if found guilty.


While each state may have their own set of laws, the majority of criminal charges are reflected across the country and pose their own level of sentencing if convicted. The lawyers of Mark Ziccarelli Law have years of broad experience defending violent offenses, not limited to:

  • Simple and aggravated assault
  • Simple and aggravated battery
  • Simple and aggravated burglary
  • First and second-degree murder
  • Vehicular manslaughter
  • Stalking
  • Armed robbery
  • Carjacking

Our seasoned professionals also understand the intricacies involved in defending a variety of sex offenses, including, but not limited to:

  • Aggravated and simple rape
  • Molestation
  • Obscenity
  • Pornographic charges
  • Sexual Abuse and battery

The attorneys at Mark Ziccarelli Law also defend those charged with drug crimes including:

  • Distribution
  • Possession
  • Manufacturing
  • Transportation
  • Marijuana cultivation
  • Acquiring a prescription by fraudulent means


After a Grand Jury determines that there is sufficient evidence to go forward with a criminal trial the accused are allowed their right to defend themselves in a court of law. But without proper advocacy many may face longer jail sentences and excessive fines resulting from not knowing the full capacity of the legal system. It is incredibly important for anyone that has been arrested and faces impending criminal charges of any kind to find immediate and qualified representation, like that found at Mark Ziccarelli Law.

All initial legal consultations with us are 100% FREE. Call us at 440-255-0500 and let’s discuss, one-on-one, what’s best for your future.